Night photography refers to the photos taken after the sunset and until dawn. While it is challenging to shoot night photography in low light, it can produce amazing and dramatic results. You can take night photos using artificial light in the scene, such as light bulbs and city lights, or you can use long exposure to enable your camera to expose as much light as possible to the camera sensor. To have a better understanding of camera exposure, you can check out this article about Understanding Camera Exposure.
You can increase camera exposure for night photography using different techniques, such as the following:
Use a slow shutter speed that is lower than 1/50 to allow more light to get into your camera. For this option, you have to use a tripod to ensure a steady shot and avoid a blurry effect.
Use a high ISO value to increase the sensitivity of your camera sensor and let your sensor expose more light.
Using the flashlight can help you emphasize specific objects and build a dramatic contrast between light and shadows.
Night photography is experimental, because you need to check how the low light appears in the shot preview before getting the final shot. And you can always consider shooting with the Camera Raw technology to be able to modify the camera exposure later on your computer.
Below, you can enjoy 35 amazing examples of night photography by different photographers who use different light levels and techniques. You can also check out the Wonderful Light Painting Photography by Julien Breton who is using night scenes to build amazing light effects.